Date Published : 25 Aug 2022


Malaysia has signed the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982 and ratified it on 14 October 1996. Thus, Malaysia has the obligation and responsibility to deposit Malaysia's baseline to the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) in the form of a list of geographical coordinates based on the provisions of Article 16 (2) of the KUUL 1982.

The Department of Surveying and Mapping Malaysia (JUPEM) as the Chairman of the National Baseline Working Group in collaboration with the National Hydrographic Center, Royal Malaysian Navy (PHN, TLDM) has carried out baseline measurement work throughout the country from 1998 to 2005. The measurement work has been implemented based on geodetic methods and hydrographic measurements which are in accordance with KUUL 1982 and Manual On Technical Aspects of the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (Manual on TALOS).

In order to fulfill the obligations and responsibilities under the provision of Article 16 (2) of the KUUL 1982, Malaysia has deposited the National Base Point on 22 July 2022 to The Division for Ocean Affair and the Law of the Sea (DOALOS), UN. The Malaysian delegation is led by the Director General of National Security and its members consist of the Director General of Surveying and Mapping Malaysia, the Director General of the Department of Maritime Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Director General of the National Hydrographic Centre, representatives of the Attorney General's Department and representatives of the Department of Mineral Geosciences.

Malaysia has deposited all 158 National Base Points consisting of 95 base points in Peninsular Malaysia, 16 base points in Sarawak and 47 base points in Sabah. These Malaysian points have been reviewed and researched to ensure that they do not affect the country's interests in maritime border negotiations with neighboring countries and do not reduce Malaysia's maritime zone claims. It also proves the country's commitment in ensuring that issues related to national security and sovereignty are guided by compliance with international laws and practices.

Thank you to all the departments and agencies involved directly and indirectly in this success.